12620 Clarksville Pike
Clarksville, MD 21029
Periodontal Therapy & Gum Disease Treatment in Maryland
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the health of the foundational support of the teeth, namely the gums and bone. For years, dentists viewed gum disease as a local problem. However, the most recent medical research has revealed a mouth/body connection, adding increased importance to periodontal therapy.
Gingivitis is an early form of periodontitis, or gum disease. If you experience an occasional swelling of the gums, gums that bleed after brushing or flossing, itchy gums, or bright red or purple gums, chances are you have gingivitis. Gum disease treatment for gingivitis includes having your teeth professionally cleaned, followed by a strict oral hygiene regimen, including anti-bacterial rinses. Left untreated, gingivitis can escalate into periodontitis.
Bacteria are always present in your mouth, but when they accumulate above normal levels, they form a biofilm called plaque on your teeth. Over time, if this soft film is not removed by daily brushing and flossing or periodic professional dental cleanings, this film absorbs calcium from the saliva and becomes hardened into what is called calculus or tartar. In either form, bacteria can penetrate the gum tissue and lead to inflammation and gum bleeding. This is the initial stage of gum disease, and it may serve as a precursor to more serious problems.
High numbers of bacteria in the mouth have been found to enter the bloodstream where they may attach to the walls of the blood vessels increasing the likelihood of cardiovascular disease or be spread throughout the body resulting in an inflammatory response. This response has been found to place patients at higher risk for the above mentioned problems, and is one of the many serious side-effects which should place periodontal therapy and gum disease treatment high on your list of priorities.
On a local level, the bacteria may cause the interruption of the gum attachment and with increasing burrowing of germs, loss of bone support. In fact, more teeth are lost in this country due to gum disease than due to tooth decay. Studies also illustrate that the more teeth that a patient loses, the shorter their average lifespan. It is for these reasons that the Mayo Clinic has put out a position paper declaring that a healthy mouth could mean an extra 10 years of living, on average.
What Systemic problems could potentially be reduced by periodontal therapy & gum disease treatment?
- Heart disease
- Respiratory disease
Types of Periodontal Therapy
Periodontal Salivary Testing
To help customize periodontal therapy for each individual patient we offer two salivary diagnostics tests.
MyPerioPath® and MyPerioID® PST® are salivary tests that determine the cause of periodontal infections and which people are at increased risk for severe periodontal disease respectively.
MyPerioPath® identifies the type and concentration of specific perio-pathogenic bacteria that are known to cause periodontal disease. MyPerioPath® helps support the clinician with better risk assessment and personalized treatment options for more predictable patient outcomes with effective periodontal gum disease treatment.
MyPerioID® PST® Identifies individual genetic susceptibility to periodontal disease and enables the clinician to establish which patients are at increased risk for more severe periodontal infections due to an exaggerated immune response.
Current research is confirming a link between common gum disease and heart disease. The presence of gum disease makes it twice as likely for patients to have a fatal heart attack. The more we learn about the common links between cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease, the more we understand the importance of effective and timely periodontal therapy or gum disease treatment for aiding in the control of these other clinical conditions.
When gums are inflamed, the bacteria and inflammatory mediators of periodontal origin do enter the bloodstream daily and can participate in the atherosclerotic process. We have evidence that gum disease increases the C-reactive protein levels and the elimination of gum disease results in an impressive reduction in CRP levels. The medical research is now saying it clearly: the byproducts of periodontal disease appear to have an effect on the levels of proinflammatory factors that are associated with hypertension, arterioslcerosis, thromoembolitic conditions, myocardial infarction, stroke, and diabetes mellitus. Simply put, periodontal therapy aids in managing the other diseases.
Gum Disease Treatment
We offer a full-mouth gum disease treatment that saves our patients thousands of dollars by reducing dental treatments and visits. Our strategy involves laser removal of diseased gum tissue, followed by gum pocket antibiotic treatment to eliminate bacteria. This thorough approach prevents the bacterial contamination from spreading and also allows new tissue to attach to the tooth structure.
- Cosmetic Gum Procedures
- Disease Control Procedures
- Laser Gum Surgery
Timely periodontal gum disease treatment restores your gums to good health
The first step of gum disease treatment is to clean the teeth professionally. That means removal of plaque and tartar beneath the gumline, and the bacteria along with it.
Tartar (also called calculus) is plaque which has remained on the teeth for too long, and has hardened into a rough substance. When it forms not only on the teeth, but also on the root surface below the gumline, it's hard to remove and makes it harder to remove new plaque forming, along with the bacteria.
In more advanced cases where the gum pocket is over 4mm deep, non-surgical deep cleaning and laser debridement may be required to remove the infection and eliminate the pocket.
If the bone is involved, some surgeries include bone reshaping around the tooth, to keep it safely anchored.
Once the tartar, plaque, and bacteria are completely removed and your gums have healed, proper oral hygiene will help you maintain healthy gums.
Learn more about gum disease treatment and your options for periodontal therapy by reading our Gum Treatment FAQs.